Brazil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region with an estimated population of over 202 million. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population.
Brazil occupies 47 percent of the continent of South America. It is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.
The Federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and the seat of government of the Federal District.
The Brazilian economy is the world's seventh largest by nominal GDP and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity, as of 2012.
Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs.
Brazil has been the world's largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years.
Brazil had 5 million tourist visitors in 2010, ranking as the second destination in South America, and third in Latin America after Mexico and Argentina.